Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

Types of Grants Programs

Various grant programs are provided based on the objective and nature of the research.Grant administration under these categories is currently divided between MEXT and JSPS. In the future, all administrative functions will be transferred to JSPS.

Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research
  Grant-in-Aid for Specially Promoted Research Highly regarded research in the international arena conducted by one researcher or a relatively small group of researchers and is likely to yield highly acclaimed research achievements.
(The period is three to five years. The upper limit of the total budget provided is generally set around 500 million yen per research project, though no exact budget range has been established.)
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas (Research in a proposed research area)
New research areas proposed by a group of diverse researchers which, through efforts for collective research, scholarly training, shared use of equipment, etc., will develop and lead to the upgrading and enhancement of scientific research in Japan.
(The period is five years. In principle, the budget is set at around 10 million to 300 million yen per fiscal year per field.)
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (S) Creative/pioneering research conducted by one researcher or a relatively small group of researchers (The period is five years. The budget ranges from 50 to around 200 million yen per project.)
Creative/pioneering research done conducted by one researcher or jointly by multiple researchers (The period is three to five years.)

Classification of A, B and C depends on the total budget
(A) From 20 million to 50 million yen
(B) From 5 million yen to 20 million yen
(C) 5 million yen or less
Grant-in-Aid for Challenging Exploratory Research* Early-stage research conducted by one or multiple researchers which, based on a unique idea, sets a high and challenging goal (The period is one to three years. The budget is up to 5 million yen per project.)
Grant-in-Aid for Challenging Research (Pioneering/ Exploratory) (Pioneering) (Exploratory)
Research conducted by one or more researchers, that has the aim of significantly reforming or changing the scientific sheme or direction and has rapid growth potential. Further, (Exploratory) covers research projects that have a strong exploratory nature, or are in their beginning stages.
(Pioneering) 3-6 years     from 5 million to 20 million yen
(Exploratory) 2-3 years     5 million or less
Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (A)
Research conducted by one researcher aged 39 or less (The period is two to four years.)

Classification of A and B depend on the total budget
(A) from 5 million yen to 30 millin yen
(B) 5 million yen or less
Grant-in-Aid for Research Activity Start-up Researh conducted by one researcher who has just been employed by his/her research institution by one researcher who has returned from his/her childcare or other kinds of leave.
(The period is up to two years. The budget is up to 1.5 million per fiscal year.)
Grant-in-Aid for Encouragement of Scientists Research conducted by one person who is an employee of an educational/research institution, a company employee, or others.
(The period is up to one year. The budget is above 100,000 and up to 1 million yen per project.)
Grant-in-Aid for Special Purposes Funding of urgent and important research projects.
Grant-in-Aid for Publication of Scientific Research Results  
  Publication of Research Results Funding for the publication and/or international dissemination of research achievements of high academic values made by academic associations and other organizations.
Enchancement of International Dissemination of Information Funding for efforts of academic societies and other scholarly organizations to further enhance international dissemination of information for the purpose of international academic exchange.
Scientific Literature Funding for academic publications authored by an individual or a group of researchers to publish academic research achievements.
Databases Funding for databases created by an individual or a group of researchers for public use.
Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Research Fellows Funding for research conducted by JSPS Research Fellows. (including JSPS International Research Fellows) (for a period of up to three years)
Fund for the Promotion of Joint International Research
  Fostering Joint International Research For Joint International Research that a researcher selected by KAKENHI performs at a foreign university or research facility, covering a period from about 6 months to one year (up to 12 million yen)
International Group Support for International Activities within Scientific Research on Innovative Areas (Set period of the Area, up to 15 million yen per year)
Returning Researcher Development Research Research that is expected to take place when Japanese researchers who are currently residing abroad, return to Japan (period up to 3 years, up to 50 million yen)

Newly selected grants under the categories (i.e., Scientific Research (C), Challenging Exploratory Research, Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (B)) are covered under the multi-year Fund from FY 2011 (printed in blue).
New projects selected in from FY2012 to FY2014 under the grant categories Scientific Research (B) and Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (A) with total funding of ¥5 million or less and the grant category Scientific Research(B)(Screening Division “Generative Research Field”) are now covered under the multi-year Fund (printed in red).
* No new invitation for applications is conducted for "Challenging Exploratory Research"