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International Prize for Biology
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International Prize for biology

The 33rd(2017) International Prize for Biology is awarded to

Dr. Rita Rossi Colwell,
(Distinguished University Professor, University of Maryland)

  On August 7, the Committee on the International Prize for Biology (chaired by Dr. Heisuke Hironaka, Acting Chairperson of Section II, the Japan Academy) of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science decided to award the 33rd (2017) International Prize for Biology to Dr. Rita Rossi Colwell, Distinguished University Professor, University of Maryland, College Park, USA.
  The field of specialization for the 33rd Prize is "Marine Biology."





Name:

Rita Rossi Colwell

Birthdate:

November 23, 1934

Nationality:

USA

Present Position:

Distinguished University Professor, University of Maryland, College Park and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Education and Professional Positions:
1961 Ph.D., University of Washington
1961-1964 Assistant Research Professor, University of Washington
1964-1966 Assistant Professor of Biology, Georgetown University
1966-1972 Associate Professor of Biology, with tenure, Georgetown University
1972-Present Professor of Microbiology, with tenure, University of Maryland
1983-1987 Vice President for Academic Affairs, University of Maryland
1984-1985 President, American Society for Microbiology
1992-1994 President, International Union of Microbiological Societies
1995-1996 President, American Association for the Advancement of Science
1998-2004 Director, National Science Foundation
2004-Present Distinguished University Professor, University of Maryland, College Park
2004-Present Distinguished University Professor, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

  This year, the field chosen for the prize was “Marine Biology.” Dr. Colwell introduced new approaches for identifying and classifying marine bacteria, and established the taxonomy of vibrios, which include Vibrio cholerae. Based on ecological studies of marine bacteria, she proposed that as a key survival strategy, vibrio cells can enter a state in which they remain viable but cannot be cultured. This concept has had a profound influence on microbiology and medicine. Noting that vibrios are expanding their habitat range due to global warming, she showed the connection of this to the wider occurrence of cholera. She has won high acclaim also for her efforts toward cholera prevention in developing countries.
  The award ceremony will be held in November or December at the Japan Academy (7-32 Ueno Koen, Taito-ku, Tokyo).

 

International Prize for Biology

  The International Prize for Biology was instituted in April of 1985 by the Committee on the International Prize for Biology. It aims to commemorate the sixty-year reign of Emperor Showa and his longtime devotion to biological research and also to offer tribute to the present Emperor His Majesty Emperor Akihito, who has strived over many years to advance the study taxonomy of gobioid fishes while contributing continuously to the developing of this Prize. The award ceremony is held every year and Their majesties the Emperor are expected to be present.