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International Prize for Biology
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International Prize for biology

The 31st(2015)International Prize for Biology Is awarded to

Dr. Yoshinori Ohsumi,
(Honorary Professor, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

  On 29 July, the Committee on the International Prize for Biology (chaired by Dr. Takashi Sugimura, president, the Japan Academy) of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science decided to award the 31st (2015) International Prize for Biology to Dr. Yoshinori Ohsumi, Honorary Professor of Frontier Research Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology.
  The field of specialization for the 31st Prize is "Cell Biology".



Name:

Yoshinori Ohsumi

Birthdate:

February 9,1945

Nationality:

Japan

Present Position:

Honorary Professor, Frontier Research Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology

Education and Professional Positions:
1967 B.Sc., College of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo
1969 M.Sc., Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo
1969–1972 Doctoral candidate, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo
1972–1974 Research fellow, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, The University of Tokyo
1974 D.Sc., Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo
1974–1977 Postdoctoral Fellow, Rockefeller University, U.S.A
1977–1986 Research Associate, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, The University of Tokyo
1986–1988 Lecturer, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, The University of Tokyo
1988–1996 Assistant Professor, College of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo
1996–2009 Professor, National Institute for Basic Biology, Okazaki, Japan
2009–2014 Specially Appointed Professor, Frontier Research Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology
2014–present Specially Appointed Honorary Professor, Frontier Research Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology

  This year, the field chosen for the prize was “Cell Biology”. Starting from a complete lack of molecular-level knowledge, Dr. Ohsumi’s research elucidated the mechanism by which the action of multiple ATG genes leads to autophagy, showed it to be an important life phenomenon widely conserved in the biological world, and established a major new field of the life sciences. Autophagy studies are currently undergoing explosive development, none of which could have happened without his work on yeast. These distinguished achievements make Dr. Ohsumi a worthy recipient of the International Prize for Biology.

 

International Prize for Biology

  The International Prize for Biology was instituted in April of 1985 by the Committee on the International Prize for Biology. It aims to commemorate the sixty-year reign of Emperor Showa and his longtime devotion to biological research and also to offer tribute to the present Emperor His Majesty Emperor Akihito, who has strived over many years to advance the study taxonomy of gobioid fishes while contributing continuously to the developing of this Prize. The award ceremony is held in the presence of His Majesty the Emperor.