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国際生物学賞

国際生物学賞 歴代受賞者

第26回国際生物学賞 受賞者について


ナンシー・アン・モラーン 博士 (Dr. Nancy Ann Moran)

生年月日 1954年12月21日(55歳) Dr. Nancy Ann Moran
国籍 米国
現職 イェール大学
生態・進化生物学部門教授
連絡先 William H. Fleming MD Professor of Biology
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Yale University
EEB West Campus, P.O. Box 27388, West Haven,
CT06516, USA
   
略歴 1982年 ミシガン大学大学院修了(Ph.D.)
1986年-1991年 アリゾナ大学 助教
1991年-1996年 アリゾナ大学 准教授
1996年-2000年 アリゾナ大学 教授
2001年-2010年 アリゾナ大学 教授(Regents’ Professor)
2010年-現在 イェール大学 教授(William H. Fleming Professor)
   
栄誉歴 1988年 American Society of Naturalists President's Award
1997 - 2002年 John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Fellow
2001年 University of Arizona Regents’ Professor
2004年 Member of the American Academy of Microbiology
2004年 Member of the National Academy of Science
2006年 Galileo Circle Faculty Fellow, College of Science, University of Arizona
2006年 Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
2007年 Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
2008年 University of Arizona Alumni Association Extraordinary Faculty Award

代表的著作
Representative Publications:

  1. Moran, N. and W. D. Hamilton. 1980. Low nutritive quality as defense against herbivores. Journal of Theoretical Biology 86: 247-254.
  2. Moran, N. A. 1988. The evolution of host alternation in aphids: evidence that specialization is a dead end. The American Naturalist 132: 681-706.
  3. Moran, N. A., M. A. Munson, P. Baumann and H. Ishikawa. 1993. A molecular clock in endosymbiotic bacteria is calibrated using the insect hosts. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: 253: 167-171.
  4. Moran, N. A. 1996. Accelerated evolution and Muller’s ratchet in endosymbiotic bacteria. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 93: 2873-2878.
  5. Rispe, C. and N. A. Moran. 2000. Accumulation of deleterious mutations in endosymbionts: Muller’s ratchet with two levels of selection. The American Naturalist 156: 425-441.
  6. Sandstrom, J. P., J. A. Russell, J. P. White, and N. A. Moran. 2001. Independent origins and horizontal transfer of bacterial symbionts of aphids. Molecular Ecology 10: 217-228.
  7. Mira, A., H. Ochman and N. A. Moran. 2001. Deletional bias and the evolution of bacterial genomes. Trends in Genetics 17: 589-596.
  8. Moran, N. A. and A. Mira. 2001. The process of genome shrinkage in the obligate symbiont, Buchnera aphidicola. Genome Biology 2: research0054.1-0054.12.
  9. Moran, N. A. 2002. The ubiquitous and varied role of infection in the lives of animals and plants. The American Naturalist 160:S1-S8.
  10. Tamas, I., Klasson, L., Naslund, K., Canback, B., Eriksson, A.-S., Wernegreen J. J., Sandstrom, J. P., Moran, N. A., and S. G. E. Andersson. 2002. Fifty million years of genomic stasis in endosymbiotic bacteria. Science 296: 2376-2379.
  11. Oliver, K., J. Russell, N. Moran and M. Hunter. 2003. Facultative bacterial symbionts in aphids confer resistance to parasitic wasps. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 100: 1803-1807.
  12. Lerat, E., V. Daubin and N. A. Moran. 2003. From gene trees to organismal phylogeny in prokaryotes: the case of the g-Proteobacteria. PLoS- Biology 1: 101-108.
  13. Moran, N. A., J. A. Russell, T. Fukatsu and R. Koga. 2005. Evolutionary relationships of three new species of Enterobacteriaceae living as symbionts of aphids and other insects. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71: 3302-3310.
  14. Moran, N. A., H. E. Dunbar and J. L. Wilcox. 2005. Regulation of transcription in a reduced bacterial genome: nutrient-provisioning genes of the obligate symbiont, Buchnera aphidicola. Journal of Bacteriology 187: 4229-4237.
  15. Oliver, K. M., N. A. Moran and M. S. Hunter. 2005. Variation in resistance to parasitism in aphids is due to symbionts and not host genotype. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 102: 12975-12800.
  16. Moran, N. A., P. Tran and N. M. Gerardo. 2005. Symbiosis and insect diversification: an ancient symbiont of sap-feeding insects from the bacterial phylum Bacteroidetes. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71: 8802-8810.
  17. Wu, D., S. C. Daugherty, S. E. Van Aken, G. H. Pai, K. L. Watkins, H. Khouri, L. J. Tallon, J. M. Zaborsky, H. E. Dunbar, P. L. Tran, N. A. Moran and J. A. Eisen. 2006. Metabolic complementarity and genomics of the dual bacterial symbiosis of sharpshooters. PLoS Biology 4: e188.
  18. Nakabachi, A., A. Yamashita, H. Toh, H. Ishikawa, H. E. Dunbar, N. A. Moran and M. Hattori. 2006. The 160-kilobase genome of the bacterial endosymbiont Carsonella. Science 314: 267.
  19. Russell, J. A. and N. A. Moran. 2006. Costs and benefits of symbiont infection in aphids: variation among symbionts and across temperatures. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 273: 603-610.
  20. Moran, N. A. and H. E. Dunbar. 2006. Sexual acquisition of beneficial symbionts in aphids. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 103: 12803-12806.
  21. McCutcheon, J. M. and N. A. Moran. 2007. Parallel genomic evolution and metabolic interdependence in an ancient symbiosis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104: 19392-19397.
  22. Dunbar, H. E., A. C. C. Wilson, N. R. Ferguson and N. A. Moran. 2007. Aphid thermal tolerance is governed by a point mutation in bacterial symbionts. PLoS Biology 5: e96.
  23. Moran, N. A., H. J. McLaughlin, and R. Sorek. 2009. The dynamics and timescale of ongoing genomic erosion in symbiotic bacteria. Science 323: 379-382.
  24. Degnan, P.H., Y. Yu, N. Sisneros, R. A. Wing, and N. A. Moran. 2009. Hamiltonella defensa, genome evolution of a protective bacterial endosymbiont from pathogenic ancestors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106: 9063-9068.
  25. McCutcheon, J. M., B. R. MacDonald, and N. A. Moran. 2009. Origin of an alternative genetic code in the extremely small and GC-rich genome of a bacterial symbiont. PLoS-Genetics 5: e1000565.
  26. Peccoud, J., J. C. Simon, H. J. McLaughlin, and N. A. Moran. 2009. Recent adaptive radiation of pea aphids revealed by their rapidly evolving symbionts. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106: 16315-16320.
  27. Oliver, K. M., P. H. Degnan, M. S. Hunter, and N. A. Moran. 2009. Bacteriophage encode factors required for protection in a symbiotic mutualism. Science 325: 992-994.
  28. McCutcheon, J. M., B. R. MacDonald, and N. A. Moran. 2009. Convergent evolution of metabolic roles in bacterial co-symbionts of insects. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106:15394-15399.
  29. Sabree, Z. L., Kambhampati, S., and N. A. Moran. 2009. Nitrogen recycling and nutritional provisioning by the cockroach endosymbiont, Blattabacterium. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106:19521-19516.
  30. Degnan, P. H., T. E. Leonardo, B. N. Cass, B. Hurwitz, D. Stern, R. A. Gibbs, S. Richards and N. A. Moran. 2010. Dynamics of genome evolution in facultative symbionts of aphids. Environmental Microbiology 12: 2060-2069.
  31. Moran, N. A. and T. Jarvik. 2010. Lateral transfer of genes from fungi underlies carotenoid production in aphids. Science 328: 624-627.