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国際生物学賞

国際生物学賞 歴代受賞者

第24回国際生物学賞 受賞者について


ジョージ・デイビッド・ティルマン 博士 (Dr. George David Tilman)

生年月日 1949年7月22日(59歳) Dr. George David Tilman
国籍 米国
現職 ミネソタ大学 生態・進化・行動学教室 教授 (Regents’ Professor)
生態学領域マックナイト首席
シダークリーク自然史区域所長
連絡先 100 Ecology Building,
1987 Upper Buford Circle,
University of Minnesota,
St. Paul, Minnesota 55108-6097, USA
   
略歴 1976年 ミシガン大学大学院修了(Ph.D.)
1976年-1980年 ミネソタ大学 助教
1980年-1984年 ミネソタ大学 准教授
1984年-1996年 ミネソタ大学 教授
1992年-現在 ミネソタ大学 シダークリーク自然史区域 所長
1996年-2001年  ミネソタ大学 教授(Distinguished McKnight University Professor)
2001年-現在 ミネソタ大学 生態学領域マックナイト首席
2001年-現在 ミネソタ大学 教授(Regents’ Professor)
   
栄誉歴 1989年 W. S. Cooper Award, Ecological Society of America
1997年 MacArthur Award, Ecological Society of America
2000年 Designated the Most Highly Cited Environmental Scientist of the Decade (1990-2000) by Essential Science Indicators
2002年 Elected to the National Academy of Sciences
2002年 Designated the Most Highly Cited Scientist in Environment / Ecology of the Decade (1992-2002) by Essential Science Indicators

代表的著作
Representative Publications:

  1. Clark, C.M. and D. Tilman. 2008. Loss of plant species after chronic low-level nitrogen deposition to prairie grasslands. Nature 451:712-715.
  2. Fargione, J., J. Hill, D. Tilman, S. Polasky and P. Hawthorne. 2008. Land clearing and the biofuel carbon debt. Science 319: 1235-1238.
  3. Hill, J., E. Nelson, D. Tilman, S. Polasky and D. Tiffany. 2006. Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United Sates of America 103:11206-11210.
  4. Reich P.B., S.E. Hobbie, T. Lee, D.S. Ellsworth, J.B. West, D. Tilman, J.M.H. Knops, S. Naeem and J. Trost. 2006. Nitrogen limitation constrains sustainability of ecosystem response to CO2. Nature 440:922-925.
  5. Tilman, D., J. Hill and C. Lehman. 2006. Carbon-negative biofuels from low-input high-diversity grassland biomass. Science 314:1598-1600.
  6. Tilman, D., P.B. Reich and J.M.H. Knops. 2006. Biodiversity and ecosystem stability in a decade-long grassland experiment. Nature 441:629-632.
  7. Tilman, D. 2004. Niche tradeoffs, neutrality, and community structure: A stochastic theory of resource competition, invasion, and community assembly. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United Sates of America 101:10854-10861.
  8. Kennedy, T.A., S. Naeem, K.M. Howe, J.M.H. Knops, D. Tilman and P. Reich. 2002. Biodiversity as a barrier to ecological invasion. Nature 417:636-638.
  9. Mitchell, C., D. Tilman and J.V. Groth. 2002. Effects of grassland plant species diversity, abundance, and composition on foliar fungal disease. Ecology 83:1713-1726.
  10. Tilman, D., K.G. Cassman, P.A. Matson, R. Naylor and S. Polasky. 2002. Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices. Nature 418:671-677.
  11. Tilman, D., J. Fargione, B. Wolff, C. D'Antonio, A. Dobson, R. Howarth, D. Schindler, W. Schlesinger, D. Simberloff, and D. Swackhamer. 2001. Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental change. Science 292:281-284.
  12. Tilman, D., P.B. Reich, J. Knops, D. Wedin, T. Mielke and C. Lehman. 2001. Diversity and productivity in a long-term grassland experiment. Science 294:843-845.
  13. Tilman, D. 2000. Causes, consequences and ethics of biodiversity. Nature 405:208-211.
  14. Tilman, D. 1999. The ecological consequences of changes in biodiversity: a search for general principles. The Robert H. MacArthur Award Lecture. Ecology 80:1455-1474.
  15. Tilman, D. 1998. The greening of the green revolution. Nature 396:211-212.
  16. Cohen, J.E. and D. Tilman. 1996. Biosphere 2 and biodiversity: the lessons so far. Science 274:1150-1151.
  17. Siemann, E., D. Tilman and J. Haarstad. 1996. Insect species diversity, abundance and body size relationships. Nature 380:704-706.
  18. Tilman, D. 1996. Biodiversity: Population versus ecosystem stability. Ecology 77:350-363.
  19. Tilman, D., D. Wedin and J. Knops. 1996. Productivity and sustainability influenced by biodiversity in grassland ecosystems. Nature 379:718-720.
  20. Wedin, D.A. and D. Tilman. 1996. Influence of nitrogen loading and species composition on the carbon balance of grasslands. Science 274:1720-1723.
  21. Tilman, D. and J.A. Downing. 1994. Biodiversity and stability in grasslands. Nature 367:363-365.
  22. Tilman, D., R.M. May, C.L. Lehman and M.A. Nowak. 1994. Habitat destruction and the extinction debt. Nature 371:65-66.