Summary of Research Project Results under JSPS FY2001
"Research for the Future Program"

1.Research Institution Keio University
2.Research Area Integrated Fields
3.Research Field Environmental Conservation in the Asian Region
4.Term of Project FY 1997 〜 FY 2001
5.Project Number 97I00601
6.Title of Project Inter-Disciplinary Studies for Sustainable Development in Asian Countries

7.Project Leader
Name Institution,Department Title of Position
Kanji Yoshioka Institute for Economic and Industry Studies Professor

8.Core Members

Names Institution,Department Title of Position
Masahiro Kuroda Keio University, Faculty Business and Commerce Professor
Masahiko Shimizu Keio University, Faculty of Economics Professor
Masayoshi Sadakata University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Engineering Professor

9.Summary of Research Results

The project contains five main results according to the five working groups. First, the working group I (WG-I) established the environmental input-output tables (EI/O) for the nine Asian countries. It is a completely original work and is impossible without intense collaboration between the Japanese members and the statisticians of each country. These tables show not only how much CO2 and SOx emission are induced by production in any one of the nine country, but also how such emissions are transmitting and affecting through the trade among these nine countries. This is the basic data and invaluable information for the following simulations in WG III to V. Second, WG II investigates the 52 alternative technologies to reduce CO2 with the Japan's environmental input-output table. The Japan's EI/O has been developed by the project and it contains 400 sectors with one of the most detailed classification in the world. Among the 52 technologies, the solar power satellite is the most promising technology to reduce CO2 in the future. And utilization of low temperature water supply is the most cost efficient method for CO2 reduction. Third, the experimental investigation of WG III for the bio-coal briquette and alkali-soil improvement has developed an important contribution of multi-purpose international cooperation. The pair of bio-coal briquette and its ash is efficient to reduce SOx in the atmosphere and to neutralize alkali base in the desert soil close to Inner Mongolia. Fourth, WG IV is a true interdisciplinary work between engineers, economics and politics to find the most efficient political system for the introduction of bio-coal briquette technology and to evaluate China's nation-wide effect with the economic model. Finally, WG V gives a perspective of the complete economic model for the nine Asian countries, which incorporates every aspect of economic behaviors with technological information.

10.Key Words

(1)Sustainable Development and Environmental Conservation Asian Countries、(2)International Input-Output Table for Analysis for of Environmental Factors and Energy in East Asian Countries (EDEN)、(3)Bio-briquette、(4)Desulfurization Process、(5)Soil Reclamation Soil Reclamation、(6)Afforestation for Barrier Trees to Prevent Sand from Shifting
(7)Effects of the Alternative Technologies on CO2 Mitigation、(8)Model of Economic Development and Environment in Asian、(9)Clean Development Mechanism