Summary of Research Project Results Under the JSPS FY2000
"Research for the future Program"



1.Research Institution The University of Tokyo
 
2.Research Area Physical and Engineering Science
 
3.Research Field Science of Synthesis
 
4.Term of Project FY1996〜FY2000
 
5.Project Number 96P00701
 
6.Title of Project Modeling of Synthesis

7.Projetct Leader
Name Institution,Department Title of Position
Tomiyama, Tetsuo The University of Tokyo, RACE Professor

8.Core Members

Names Institution,Department Title of Position
Murakami, Tamotsu The University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Engineering Associate Professor
Washio, Takashi Osaka University, Institute of Industrial Science Associate Professor
Takeda, Hideaki National Institute of Informatics, Knowledge Systems Research Associate Professor

9.Cooperating Researchers

Names Institution,Department Title of Position
Yasusi Umeda Tokyo Metropolitan Univ. Engineering Assistant Professor
Masaharu Yosioka National Institute of Informatics Associate Researcher
Akira Tumaya Collaborative Research Center for Advanced Science & Technology Osaka Uiv. Associate Researcher

10.Summary of Research Results

This research aims at scientifically building a model of synthesis. First, we propose an analysis oriented thought process model, a synthesis oriented thought process model, and a multiple model-based reasoning framework for synthesis on which a model of synthesis processes will be executed. This synthesis process model consists of knowledge operations that are decomposed again into logic operations and modeling operations. Third, we discuss fundamental ideas of the projects including function modeling, ontology, semantics constrained abduction, and model-based abduction. Forth, a reference test case of design is constructed and used for verifying the models of synthesis we build. We also developed a computational benchmarking test bed. Through these verification activities, we found out that these models as a whole describe and explain synthesis without any major contractions, but there does not exit a single model of synthesis. This results from another finding that abduction is the guiding principle of synthesis in the meanings of both of creation and integration and integrating multiple theories requires a common ontology. However, at this moment there exists no such a common ontology about synthesis as activities but only a collection of vocabulary that consists of 23 concepts, thus resulting in a set of independent models of synthesis that collectively explain synthesis.

11.Key Words

(1)Synthesis、(2)Analysis、(3)Abduction
(4)Knowledge operations、(5)Logical operations、(6)Design
(7)Design Knowledge、(8)Ongology

12.References

[Reference Articles]
Author Title of Article
T. Murakami Mechanism Concept Retrieval Using Configuration Space
Journal Volume Year Pages Concerned
Research in Engineering Design 9 1997 99-111

Author Title of Article
Y. Umeda The Proposal of FBS Modeling to Support Functional Design
Journal Volume Year Pages Concerned
Journal of JSPE 63 1997 795-800

Author Title of Article
T. Tomiyama General Design Theory and its Extensions and Applications
Journal Volume Year Pages Concerned
General Design Theory and its Extensions and Applications 63 1998 25-45

Author Title of Article
T. Kiriyama Strategic Knowledge Acquisition: a Case Study of Learning through Prototyping
Journal Volume Year Pages Concerned
Knowledge-Based Systems 11 1998 399-404

Author Title of Article
M. Takaai Designers Supporting Environment for Cooperative Design
Journal Volume Year Pages Concerned
The Transactions of the Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers J81-D-I(5) 1998 488-495

Author Title of Article
H. Takeda Collaborative Development and Use of Ontologies for Design
Journal Volume Year Pages Concerned
Globalization of Manufacturing in the Digital Communications Era of the 21st Century: Innovation, Agility and the Virtual Enterprise (G. Jacucci, G. J. Olling, K. Preiss, and M. Wozny (eds. ), Kluwer Academic Publishers)   1998 (CD-ROM)

Author Title of Article
M. Yoshioka Design Knowledge Collection by Modeling
Journal Volume Year Pages Concerned
Globalization of Manufacturing in the Digital Communications Era of the 21st Century: Innovation, Agility and the Virtual Enterprise (G. Jacucci, G. J. Olling, K. Preiss, and M. Wozny (eds. ), Kluwer Academic Publishers)   1998 287-298

Author Title of Article
M. Yoshioka A Study on an Integrated Modeling Environment to Support Design: The Proposal of the Pluggable Metamodel Mechanism
Journal Volume Year Pages Concerned
Journal of JSAI 13 1998 312-319

Author Title of Article
T. Sekiya Classification of Knowledge for Generating Engineering Models
Journal Volume Year Pages Concerned
Knowledge Intensive Computer Aided Design (S. Finger, T. Tomiyama, and M. Mantyla (eds. ), Kluwer Academic Publishers)   1999 73-90

Author Title of Article
T. Sekiya An Integrated Design Support Environment based on Ontology
Journal Volume Year Pages Concerned
Journal of JSAI 14 1999 1051-1060

Author Title of Article
H. Takeda Synthesis Thought Processes in Design
Journal Volume Year Pages Concerned
Integration of Process Knowledge into Design Support Systems, (H. Kals and F. van Houten (eds. ), Kluwer Academic Publishers)   1999 249-258

Author Title of Article
M. Yoshioka An Application of the Knowledge Intensive Engineering Framework to Building Foundation Design
Journal Volume Year Pages Concerned
Knowledge Intensive Computer Aided Design, (S. Finger, T. Tomiyama, and M. Mantyla (eds. ): Kluwer Academic Publishers)   1999 197-212.

Author Title of Article
T. Xie Micro Photoforming Fabrication Using a Liquid Hollow Shaped by Pressure Difference and Surface Tension
Journal Volume Year Pages Concerned
International Journal of the Japan Society for Precision Engineering 33 1999 253-258

Author Title of Article
T. Tomiyama Artifactual Engineering and Artificial Intelligence
Journal Volume Year Pages Concerned
Journal of JSAI 15 2000 436-444

Author Title of Article
T. Xie Micro Photoforming Fabrication Using a Liquid Hollow Shaped by Pressure Difference and Surface Tension
Journal Volume Year Pages Concerned
International Journal of the Japan Society for Precision Engineering 33 1999 253-258

[Reference Books]
Author Title of Book
S. Finger Knowledge Intensive Computer Aided Design
Publisher Year Pages
Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999 326


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