About the program
Over recent years, several issues, such as environmental degradation, energy shortages, natural disasters and infectious diseases, have emerged on a global scale. In coping with them, it will be necessary for the developed nations of the world to contribute to capacity building within the universities and research institutions of developing countries. One way of doing this is through the exchange of researchers between developed and developing countries. Such a measure needs to be added to the conventional approach of technology transfer to support sustainable development in developing countries. In response to this need, Japan's Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) and Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) launched the program "Science and Technology Cooperation on Global Issues" in 2008 as an instrument for implementing the governments policy to "Strengthen Scientific and Technological Cooperation with Developing Countries". The new program has two components : "Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development" and "Dispatch of S&T Researchers". Under the latter, the most suitable Japanese researchers are dispatched to developing countries to engage in joint research according to needs of the counterpart countries.
This program is expected to make significant international contributions through joint research that is expected to develop and apply new technologies while generating new concepts and knowledge, while enhancing the research capacity of Japan and its counterpart countries.
This program is implemented via collaboration among MoFA, MEXT, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) through a new system established for promoting international joint research with developing countries.
As to the implementation process, MoFA and JICA receive requests from developing countries for the 船ispatch of S&T Researchers'. They review these requests along with MEXT to start the dispatch process. The researchers are dispatched to the requesting countries as JICA experts upon their selection by MEXT and JSPS.
The research is carried out effectively through fieldwork and other activities by Japanese researchers and their colleagues in the developing country. Such collaboration also works to build a stronger research infrastructure and to foster researchers and technicians in developing country, strengthening its ability to tackle problems on it own power.
Operational system inside Japan
Selection of candidates by JSPS
JSPS makes effective use of its network of researchers and academic institutions to collect and analyze information on meeting the 創eeds' of the countries requesting researchers and decides upon a strategy, in consultation with MEXT, for selecting the researchers to recommend to JICA. For this purpose, JSPS utilizes working committees comprising external authorities with knowledge and experience in international cooperation with developing countries and of science and technology.
Dispatch of experts by JICA
Researchers dispatched under this program engage in joint research in the developing countries as JICA experts. The counterpart countries and institutions are required to take necessary measures, including covering some expenses, to implement the joint research activities, while other expenses are covered based on JICA's regulations. Dispatched researchers are required to carry out the research activities based on an agreement made with JICA and to take responsibility to submit a research plan and progress reports on the activities.
Scope of project
Eligible fields of research
All fields of science and technology
Target countries and areas
All countries and areas listed as Japanese ODA recipients*
Counterpart institutions in developing countries
Research institutions located in developing countries that work on behalf of the public interest (except military-affiliated research institutions)
Researchers who belong to Japanese academic institutions (universities, public research institutes, or research institutes that work for the public interest), and who are engaged in research activities in such institutions. Researchers should be under age 65 and have sufficient experience and related knowledge to carry out the joint research requested by the host institution.
Period of research
Generally two years or shorter (depending on the request)
*Although China is listed as Japanese ODA recipients, this program does not cover China. For cooperative programs with China, please see other equal partnership programs.
Dispatched researchers may apply for intellectual property rights on the results of the joint research to the extent that the application does not disadvantage the research institution in the host country. As a rule, applications for intellectual property rights are made through the researcher's affiliated institution. Researchers may publish the results of the joint research and copyright their papers for the purpose of promoting scientific advancement in both Japan and the counterpart country.
Science and Technology Cooperation on Global Issues
This program is implemented as an instrument for advancing the policy 全trengthening Scientific and Technological Cooperation with Developing Countries'.
To achieve this end, this program is linked with *JST's program "Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development," which supports not only technical cooperation by experts, but also training in Japan and the provision of equipment and materials, taking the form of a JICA technical cooperation project.
*JST: Japan Science and Technology Agency