Report on the JSPS Award for Eminent Scientists

  1. Invited eminent scientist (name, title and affiliation, nationality)
  2. Hiroo Kanamori,
    Professor,
    Emeritus

  3. Duration of the stay
  4. Apr.4. 2006 - Jun.30. 2006

  5. Hosting environment (accommodation, research institute, status in the host institute)
  6. Monthly apartment, Office for visiting researchers, Guest Scholar

  7. Schedule during the stay (date, research activities, name of the places to visit, and description of the visits)
  8. During his stay Prof. Kanamori participated in many discussions and classes with research staff and students of the Earthquake Hazard Research Division and the Research Center for Earthquake Prediction at the Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University. He gave weekly lectures on earthquake physics for students. At the meeting on June 22, NTT‚Ƃ̕˜AŒgŒ¤‹†‰ïu’nk‚Ì‘ŠúŒx•ñ-Œ»ó‚Æ–¢—ˆv, he gave a lecture “Earthquake Early Warning -Present and Future”

    In addition to research activities at the Disaster Prevention Research Institute, he visited numerous other universities and institutes in Japan to give lectures, as included below.

    • April 4
    • Arrival in Kyoto

    • April 12
    • Field excursion with students and staff to the Neodani fault, Gifu prefecture.

    • April 18 - May 30
    • Weekly seismology lectures for students
      Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyoto University

    • April 28
    • Seminar at Ehime University

    • May 14-17
    • Attended the Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2006 in Makuhari, Chiba.

    • May 24-26
    • Seminar at Hiroshima University

    • May 30
    • Visit with President of Kyoto University

      Seminar at Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyoto University
      "High-density Waveform data and their implications for the Slab Structure
      beneath Japan"

    • Jun. 7-9
    • Seminar at Tohoku University

    • Jun. 19-21
    • JAMSTEC “Mid-term Review Committee”

    • Jun. 22
    • NTT‚Ƃ̕˜AŒgŒ¤‹†‰ïi‘æ1‰ñju’nk‚Ì‘ŠúŒx•ñ-Œ»ó‚Æ–¢—ˆ-v
      “Earthquake Early Warning -Present and Future”

    • Jun. 28
    • Seminar at Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo

    • Jun. 30
    • Departure from Kyoto

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  9. Description of and results from the invitation
  10. The plan for Prof. Kanamori included presenting seismology lectures for students, and from April 18 to May 30 he gave a series of weekly lectures on earthquakes physics, which included a set of detailed written notes. During his first visit he gave 3 seminars at Kyoto University and 2 more seminars during his second visit. He talked about several topics, including the recent Sumatra earthquake and the possibility of future large earthquakes in Japan. Prof. Kanamori also participated in the weekly seismology seminars with many questions and suggestions for the students.

    For research, we planned cooperative projects about earthquake triggering. During his visit, Prof. Kanamori discussed triggering of earthquakes from large earthquakes, such as the 2003 Tokachi-oki earthquake and the 2004 Sumatra earthquake. This has led to some current work with DPRI researchers about earthquake triggering and aftershock sequences.

    We also planned cooperative research on realtime earthquake information systems. Prof. Kanamori presented stimulating talks at DPRI on this topic during both his first and second visits. This discussion was important for plans that DPRI is currently making. DPRI is planning to start a large new project to develop a system to provide information about natural hazards, such as earthquakes, volcanoes, and typhoons.

    Prof. Kanamori also gave lectures at several other universities and institutes and attended the Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2006 in Makuhari, as listed in section 4.

  11. Contribution by the invitee to the host institute (e.g. inspiration to young scientists, internationalization of a host institute as a whole, etc.)
  12. It was very beneficial to have Prof. Kanamori at DPRI during his stay from October to December, 2005 and again from April to June, 2006. He participated in the weekly student seminars and was always available for discussion on many aspects of seismology. He always came to the daily coffee time for informal discussions with students.

    Moreover, the faculty members (professors, associate professors and lecturers) of the visited universities reported that they were greatly impressed by the world’s most advanced water-recycling techniques and the innovative approach Prof. Asano has introduced.

    Prof. Kanamori brought some valuable data recorded around the world for the 1936 Miyagi-ken Oki earthquake. This data combined with data recorded by Kyoto University, has led to a cooperative study of the sequence of Miyagi-ken oki earthquakes in 1936, 1978, 2005. This is an important and controversial region in Japan where there may be a large earthquake in the near future. A paper on this topic was completed during his second visit.

    Prof. Kanamori provided data for the 2003 East China deep earthquake and worked with one of the students on the source process of this earthquake. He provided suggestions about methods to study the earthquake and discussed the important seismological issues for this deep earthquake.

    The lectures and informal discussions by Prof. Kanamori at DPRI and at Faculty of Science stimulated many students and staff and provided many new ideas for seismology research. Everyone enjoyed and was greatly inspired by his stay and hope that he can make many return visits to Kyoto University.

  13. Others
  14. We sincerely thank the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science for the funds from the JSPS Award for Eminent Scientists that enabled the visit of Prof. Kanamori to Kyoto University. The visit of Prof. Kanamori was a great benefit to Kyoto University and the other institutions that he visited during his stay.