JSPS awards for eminent scientists

Report on the JSPS Award for Eminent Scientists

Host Researcher
Name: James Jiro Mori
Title and Affiliation: Professor, Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University
  1. Invited eminent scientist (name, title and affiliation, nationality)
    Hiroo kanamori, Professor,
    Seismological Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Japan
  2. Duration of the stay
    Oct.5. 2005 - Dec.2. 2005
  3. Hosting environment (accommodation, research institute, status in the host institute)
    Monthly apartment, Office for visiting researchers, Guest Scholar

  4. Schedule during the stay (date, research activities, name of the places to visit, and description of the visits )

    Oct. 5 Arrival in Kyoto

    During his stay Prof. Kanamori participated in discussions and classes with research staff and students of the Earthquake Hazard Research Division and the Research Center for Earthquake Prediction at the Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University There were discussions about the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake and recent earthquakes in Japan.

    In addition to research activities at the Disaster Prevention Research Institute, he visited the following institutions.

    Oct. 12. Kyoto University COE Seminar
    Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyoto University
    ‘Use of Historical Seismograms for Understanding an Earthquake Recurrence Model’

    Oct. 18-21. Attended the Seismological Society of Japan Fall Meeting in Sapporo, Hokkaido.
    Presented a poster, ‘Comparison of Waveforms for the 1936 and 2005 Miyagi-ken Oki Earthquakes’.

    (Oct. 25-29. attended the conference, Extreme Natural Hazards at the London Royal Society, London)

    Nov. 7. Seminar at the Earthquake Research Institute, Tokyo University
    Visit to the office of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo

    Nov. 8 Seminar at the National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Tsukuba

    Nov. 11 Lecture at the Nishiyamato Gakuen High School

    Nov. 21. Kyoto University COE Seminar
    Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyoto University
    ‘The Energy Budget of the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake and its Implications for Rupture Physics’

    Nov. 24-25. Visit to the Insitute of Oceanic Research and Development, Tokai University.
    Seminar: ‘The Lessons from the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake’. Discussions with Prof. Seiya Ueda about earthquake activity in California.

    Dec. 2 Departure from Kyoto

  5. Description of and results from the invitation

    The plan for Prof. Kanamori included presenting seismology lectures for students, and during his first visit he gave 3 seminars at Kyoto University. He talked about several topics, including the recent Sumatra earthquake and the possibility of future large earthquakes in Japan. Prof. Kanamori also participated in the weekly seismology seminars with many questions and suggestions for the students. When Prof. Kanamori returns next year, he plans to give weekly lectures on Physics of Earthquakes.

    For research, we planned cooperative projects about earthquake triggering. During his visit, Prof. Kanamori discussed triggering of earthquakes from large earthquakes, such as the 2003 Tokachi-oki earthquake and the 2004 Sumatra earthquake. This has led to some current work with DPRI researchers about earthquake triggering and aftershock sequences.

    We also planned cooperative research on realtime earthquake information systems, Prof. Kanamori presented a stimulating talk at DPRI on this topic. This discussion was important for plans that DPRI is currently making. DPRI is planning to start a large new project to develop a system to provide information about natural hazards, such as earthquakes, volcanoes, and typhoons. When Prof. Kanamori returns next year, we are planning a workshop on this topic and will further develop plans for a system at DPRI.

    Prof. Kanamori also gave lectures at several other universities and institutes and attended the Seismological Society of Japan 2004 Fall Meeting in Sapporo, as listed in section 4.

  6. Contribution by the invitee to the host institute (e.g. inspiration to young scientists, internationalization of a host institute as a whole, etc.)

    It was very beneficial to have Prof. Kanamori at DPRI during his stay from October to December. He participated in the weekly student seminars and was always available for discussion on many aspects of seismology. He always came to the daily coffee time for informal discussions with students.

    Prof. Kanamori brought some valuable data recorded around the world for the 1936 Miyagi-ken Oki earthquake. This data combined with data recorded by Kyoto University, has led to a cooperative study of the sequence of Miyagi-ken oki earthquakes in 1936, 1978, 2005. This is an important and controversial region in Japan where there may be a large earthquake in the near future.

    Prof. Kanamori provided data for the 2003 East China deep earthquake and worked with one of the students on the source process of this earthquake. He provided suggestions about methods to study the earthquake and discussed the important seismological issues for this deep earthquake.

    The lectures and informal discussions by Prof. Kanamori at DPRI and at Faculty of Science stimulated many students and staff and provided many new ideas for seismology research. Everyone is looking forward to his return to Kyoto University next year.

  7. Others

    We sincerely thank the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science for the funds from the JSPS Award for Eminent Scientists, that? enabled the visit of Prof. Kanamori to Kyoto University.
    The visit of Prof. Kanamori was a great benefit to Kyoto University and the other institutions that he visited during his stay.