2006/3/31

Activity Report for FY2005 of the JSPS Award for Eminent Scientists

Below is a summary of the activities of the eminent scientist invited by the JSPS AWARD.

  1. Name
  2. Wilfried H. Brutsaert
    William L. Lewis Professor
    School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University

  3. Period of Invitation
  4. From June 1, 2005 through March 31, 2006 (304 days)

  5. Accommodations, Office, and Title
  6. Accommodations: Foreign Scholoarsf Residence of the University of Tsukuba
    Office: A204 at Advanced Research Laboratory of the University of Tsukuba
    Title: Visiting Foreign Research Fellow
    Remarks: During the period of his stay, the expense has been covered by University of Tsukuba from July 1 through September 30, and by Nagoya University from Octover 1 through March 31.

  7. Schedule
    • June 2, 2005
    • Arrival to Japan

    • June 2-September 30, 2005
    • Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba
      - Joint research on regional evaporation and influences of evaporation on global hydrologic cycle.
      - Guest editor for the special issue of Journal of Hydrology on the research project being carried out at U.Tsukuba
      - Advise on the publication of Japanese version of his new book gPrincciple of Hydrolgyh
      - Special lecture on gThe Relevance of the Complementary Concept in Resoving the Evaporation Paradox: An Updateh on August 4, 2005 at Annual Scientific Meeting of the Japan Society of Hydrology and Water Resources.
      - Advise on researches of junior scientists
      - For Shinichi Iida on his paper gChange of evapotranspiration due to succession from Japanese red pine to evergreen oak"
      - For Ayumi Kotani on her paper "Seasonal variation of surface fluxes and scalar roughness of suburban land covers"
      - For Ayumi Kotani on her paper "Variance methods to estimate regional heat fluxes with aircraft measurements in the Convective Boundary Layer"

    • October 1, 2005- March 31, 2006
    • Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center of Nagoya University
      - Seminar presentation on gObjective Indications of Global Evaporation Trends in the Second Half of the 20th Centuryh on November 10 at Nagoya University
      - Seminar presentation on g"Pitfalls of some currently used operational methods to estimate evaporation" on February 23, 2006 at Nagoya University
      - Advise on researches of junior scientists
      - For Hiroki Tanaka on his paper gTurbulent flux observations at the tip of a narrow cape on Miyako Island in Japan's Southwestern Islandsh
      - For Nahoko Kobayashi on her paper on gNighttime Transpiration Observed over a Larch Forest in Hokkaido, Japanh
      - For Li Shen on his paper on his gTurbulence spectra in the atmospheric surface layer over the Loess Plateau in Chinah
      - For Masanori Nishikawa on his Ph.D study
      - Review report submitted to the Center Director with observations, assessment and recommendations on the structure and inner workings of the "Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center" at Nagoya University.

  8. Activities and their impacts
  9. As originally scheduled, the invitation of the eminent scientists was carried out. During the stay, he spent first part at University of Tsukuba, and engaged in such activities as a joint research, advise to junior scientists including postdoctoral fellows and graduate students, and presentation of a special lecture. Also he has served as a guest editor of a special issue of Journal of Hydrology on a research topic being carried out at University of Tuskuba. During the second part of his stay, he worked at Nagoya University where he also presented two formal lectures and gave advice to junior scientists.

    As a result of his activities, six papers by junior scientists have been either submitted or accepted in international scientific journals. To Nagoya University, he submitted a review report with observations, assessment and recommendations on the structure and inner workings of the Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center. Also he has given strong impacts onto not only junior scientists but also senior faculty members through his activities.

    In summary, his stay in FY 2005 in Japan made strong influences onto the members of the host institutions, and also on the host organizations.

  10. Contributions of eminent scientist to the host organizations
  11. During his stay, he has directly worked with junior scientists including postdoctoral fellows and graduate students to give advice on their research papers and on their Ph.D studies. This was particularly effective as those young fellows do not have sufficient experience in intensive English communications on research. Also because they have a clear goal of completing their research papers and submitting them to international journals, it was a good opportunity for them to learn how to organize their manuscript in logical order and in effective English. It was proved that this was possible because of the vast knowledge and experiences of the eminent scientist who have authored close to 200 research papers.

    Also his lectures made during his stay, he has given strong impact among the audiences through his well-organized, logical manner of presentation, with clear English. Since the topics are of the topics that are considered as the leading edge achievement, audiences were able to learn and get some idea on the future research directions.
    Professor Brutsaert just published his new text book as large as 604 pages. He shared his experiences on the writing and publication of this book, and also he explained details of the subject given in his book not only during the formal gathering but also during lunch time or during casual conversations with faculty members and junior scientists.

    With regards the ginternationalizationh, his presence alone did not give too strong an effect since at host universities, there have been and are always visitors from overseas and international atmosphere has been there already, at least to some extent. Nevertheless, because of the background and carrier of Professor Brustaert who served as president of an international research society helped us to share the latest development of international research activities, and on-going activities which clearly gave relevant impact among us in order for the host institutions to continue their presence among the global research activities and collaborations.