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Asian Science Seminar

List of implemented seminars

Report for JSPS Asian Science Seminar FY2006    <Summary>


Date Feb 13th, 2007


1.Title of Seminar

JASS'06: JSPS Asian Science Seminar on Development Strategy for Sustainable Food System

2.Purpose of Seminar

   The purpose of this seminar is to understand the current state of Japanese agriculture and examine the challenges of food supply and demand of Asian countries as they relate to building a development strategy on the basis of a sustainable food system. The present food self-sufficiency ratios of Asian countries have been sustained at high levels, except for Japan and Korea. However, it is possible that the food self-sufficiency ratio may sharply fall due to future economic development strategies. Such a sharp rate of decline would be unfavorable from the viewpoint of Asian food security and raising the ratio again would be very difficult.
   The relative decrease of agriculture in domestic industry has caused multiple functions of farmland to decline. This has led to the collapse of farm village communities as well as a decline in the self-sufficiency ratio. From the viewpoint of sustainable local development, it is important to preserve agriculture, farm villages, and the environment in Asia.
   The natural result of increasing food imports occurs if the food self-sufficiency ratio decreases. We must avoid this situation in many Asian countries besides Japan. This seminar is for young researchers who will exert influence on future policy planning in their native Asian countries. We hope they will incorporate the lessons learned from Japan's failed agriculture policy into their strategies for building their nations' economic development.

3.Period

From November 26th, 2006 through December 5th, 2006 (10days)

4.Venue

Nihon University College of Bioresource Sciences (NUBS)
Kameino 1866, Fujisawa city, Kanagawa 252-8510, JAPAN
Field Study Site: Yokohama City, Doshi Village, Narusawa Village

5.Organization

(1) Cosponsors

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science(JSPS)
Nihon University College of Bioresource Sciences (NUBS)

(2) Organizer

Name in full (in English)          Keiji Ohga                     
Affiliation and position
(in English)       Professor, Department of Food Economics,
College of Bioresource Sciences, Nihon University       

6.Program: Agenda, topics, related activities (e.g., reception, excursion)

DayDate/TimeVenueThemeLecturer
1
Nov. 26 (Sun.)
Arrival and Registration
 
Nov. 27 (Mon.)
Opening, Introduction, Keynote Speech and Keynote Reports
2
1
P
Guidance
2
Main
Opening Ceremony
The Conservation of Biosphere Necessary for the Sustainable Production of Food
Satohiko Sasaki (Former Dean of NUBS, Nihon University, Japan)
3
Med2
State of Rural Asia: from the Viewpoint of Sustainable Food System Mitsuhiro Nakagawa (Ibaraki University, Japan)
4
Malaysian Food Sector: Issues and Development Strategies Under Globalization Mad Nasir Shamsudin (University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia)
Evening
Welcome party hosted by the organizer of the seminar
 
Nov. 28 (Tue.)
Food Problems in Asian Countries
3
1
Med2
EPA / FTA and Food Trade Nobuhiro Suzuki (the University of Tokyo, Japan)
2
Food Security in Asian Countries Teiji Takahashi (Former Chairman of FAO Liaison Office in Japan, Japan)
3
The Impact of Trade Liberalization on Production, Consumption and Trade of Thai Rice Prapinwadee Sirisupluxana (Kasetsart University, Thailand)
4
The Philippine Agriculture-Food-Environment Link Under Trade Liberalization: Policy Issues and Directions Towards Sustainable Food System Salvador P. Catelo (University of the Philippines Los Baños, the Philippines)
 
Nov. 29 (Wed.)
Transformation of Food Consumption in Asia and its Cause
4
1
Med2
Changing Japanese Dietary Patterns and the Development of the Livestock Industry Shin'ichi Kobayashi (Nihon University, Japan)
2
Asian Agriculture in Globalism Keiji Ohga (Nihon University, Japan)
3
Rice Consumption in Thailand: the Slakening Demand Somporn Isvilanonda (Kasetsart University, Thailand)
4
Transformation of Food Consumption as Taiwan Enters the 21st Century: Causes and Challenges Ching-Cheng Chang (The Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, Taiwan)
 
Nov. 30 (Thu.)
Agricultural Development Strategy for Sustainable Food Supply
5
1
Med2
Mobilizing Community: Participation and Local Institutional Development Shu Kitano (Nihon University, Japan)
2
Diversified Farming System for Sustainable Food Supply in Northeast Thailand Nongluck Suphanchaimat (Khon Kaen University, Thailand)
3
The Emergence of Supermarkets with Chinese Characteristics: Challenges and Opportunities for China's Agricultural Development Dinghuan Hu (Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China)
4
Alternative Development Strategy in Asian Agriculture: Utilizing Secondary Crops for Development and Poverty Alleviation under Globalization Hitoshi Yonekura (Tohoku University, Japan)
 
Dec. 1 (Fri.)
Symposium on Agricultural and Rural Future in Asia
6
10:30-17:00
Main
Strategy for the Sustainable Agricultural Development in Asia: Indonesian Experience Bungaran Saragih (Former Minister of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural Institute, Indonesia)
Commentator:Dinghuan Hu (Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China)
Nongluck Suphanchaimat (Khon Kaen University, Thailand)
Comments based on Japan's Experience Hiroshi Tsujii (Ishikawa Prefectural University, Japan)
Evening
Dinner reception hosted by Regional Research Institute of Agricultural Production (RRIAP), NUBS
 
Dec. 2 (Sat.)
Field Study Tour (1)
7
9:30-10:30
33
Guidance of the Tour
Visit to JA Yokohama (Japan Agricultural Cooperative, Yokohama)
 
Dec. 3 (Sun.)
Field Study Tour (2)
8
Visit to "MICHINOEKI (Roadside Station)" in Doshi village and Narusawa village
Evening
Farewell party hosted by the organizer of the seminar
 
Dec. 4 (Mon.)
Closing Ceremony
9
13:00-15:00
Med1
Closing Ceremony
10
Dec. 5 (Tue.)
Departure
Venue: Med1: Medium Hall No.1 (3F), Med2: Medium Hall No.2 (3F), Main: Main Hall (4F), P: Presentation Room (10F), 33: Room No.33 (3F)

7.Lecturers and Participants

1) Number of Persons

 LecturersParticipantsTotal
Japan side 17 14 31
(Number who participated under program funding) 16 14 30
Other persons 8 23 31
(Number who participated under program funding) 7 23 30
Total 25 37 62
(Number who participated under program funding) 23 37 60

2) List

A: Lecturers
Name in fullPosition /Affiliation/ Institution(Country of affiliated institution)Remarks
-Japan side    
Mitsuhiro Nakagawa Professor, College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University *
Nobuhiro Suzuki Professor, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, the University of Tokyo *
Teiji Takahashi Former Chairman of FAO Liaison Office in Japan *
Hitoshi Yonekura Professor, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University *
Hiroshi Tsujii Professor, Ishikawa Prefectural University (Commentator of RRIAP Symposium)  
Satohiko Sasaki Professor (Former Dean of NUBS), Advanced Research Institute, Nihon University *
Shin'ichi Kobayashi Professor, Department of Animal Science and Resources, NUBS *
Keiji Ohga Professor, Department of Food Economics, NUBS *
Shu Kitano Associate Professor, Department of International Development Studies, NUBS *
Toshiharu Shimowatari Professor, Department of Food Economics, NUBS *
Kiyohide Morita Professor, Department of Food Economics, NUBS *
Kazuo Hanzawa Professor, Department of International Development Studies, NUBS *
Masami Mizuno Director, Regional Research Institute of Agricultural Production(RRIAP) / Professor, Department of International Development Studies, NUBS *
Tokuya Kawate Associate Professor, Department of Food Economics, NUBS *
Masaya Inoue Associate Professor, Department of International Development Studies, NUBS *
Osamu Hayakawa Associate Professor, Department of International Development Studies, NUBS *
Reishi Matsumoto Associate Professor, Department of International Development Studies, NUBS *
-Other Persons    
Dinghuan Hu Professor, Institute of Agricultural Economics and Development, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China *
Bungaran Saragih Professor (Former Minister of Agriculture), Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Bogor Agricultural Institute (Lecturer of RRIAP Symposium), Indonesia  
Mad Nasir Shamsudin Professor / Dean, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia *
Salvador P. Catelo Professor / Dean, College of Economics and Management, University of the Philippines Los Baños, the Philippines *
Ching-Cheng Chang Research Fellow, The Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, Taiwan *
Somporn Isvilanonda Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University, Thailand *
Prapinwadee Sirisupluxana Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University, Thailand *
Nongluck Suphanchaimat Associate Professor, Department Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, Thailand *
Place a check [ * ] in the Remark Column for those who participated using JSPS's seminar funding.

B: Participants
Name in fullPosition /Affiliation/ Institution(Country of affiliated institution)Remarks
-Japan side    
Gen Furuhashi Research Fellow, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, the University of Tokyo *
Satomi Nakayama Consultant, FAO *
Yan Wang Ph.D. Student, Graduate School of Marine Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology *
Eiichi Kusano Ph.D. Student, United Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology *
Miyuki Isoda Associate Professor, Department of Food Economics, NUBS *
Iwao Takahashi Associate Professor, Department of Food Economics, NUBS *
Kazuyuki Miyabe Associate Professor, Department of Food Economics, NUBS *
Hironobu Takeshita Lecturer, Department of Food Economics, NUBS *
Nobuyuki Kurauchi Associate Professor, Department of International Development Studies, NUBS *
Kingshuk Roy Associate Professor, Department of International Development Studies, NUBS *
Yoshihiro Tasaki Post Doctoral Student, Graduate School of Bioresource Sciences, Nihon University *
Hiroki Tachibana Post Doctoral Student, Graduate School of Bioresource Sciences, Nihon University *
Kun Liu Ph.D. Student, Graduate School of Bioresource Sciences, Nihon University *
Pei-Yin Tsai Research Student (Ph.D. Course), Graduate School of Bioresource Sciences, Nihon University *
-Other Persons    
Juan Zhu Researcher, Institute of Agricultural Economics and Development, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China *
Xiaoyan Wang Researcher, Institute of Agricultural Economics and Development, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China *
Suxia Wang Ph.D. Student, Institute of Agricultural Economics and Development, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China *
Weimin Yang Assistant Professor, Economics and Management School, Inner Mongolia University, China *
Frans B. M. Dabukke Researcher, Indonesian Center for Agriculture Social Economics and Policy Studies, Ministry of Agriculture Indonesia, Indonesia *
Rinna Syawal Researcher, Agency for Food Security, Ministry of Agriculture Indonesia, Indonesia *
Alla Asmara Lecturer, Department of Economics and Management, Bogor Agricultural Institute, Indonesia *
Fadli Zon Researcher, The Indonesian Farmers Union, Indonesia *
Ahn Se Young Researcher / Ph.D. Student , Region Agriculture Research Institute / Chonbuk National University, Korea *
Kim Wonhee Ph.D. Student, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Seoul National University, Korea *
Jinap Selamat Professor, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia *
Maimunah Sanny Tutor (Assistant Lecturer), Faculty of Food Science and Technology, University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia *
Suryani Darham Ph.D. Student, Department of Agribusiness and Information System, Faculty of Agriculture, University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia *
Rolando T. Bello Assistant Professor, College of Public Affairs, University of the Philippines Los Baños, the Philippines *
Alessandro A. Manilay Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Economics and Management, University of the Philippines Los Baños, the Philippines *
Sharon P. Batoon Science Research Specialist, Socio-Economics Research Division, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development, the Philippines *
Yi-Chieh Chen Ph.D. Student / Assistant Research Fellow, Department of Agricultural Economics, National Taiwan University / Taiwan WTO Center, Chung-Hua Institution for Economic Research, Taiwan *
Shu-Yuan Lee Assistant Professor, Department of International Trade, Chihlee Institute of Technology, Taiwan *
Orachos Napasintuwong Lecturer, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University, Thailand *
Phonthep Amnutkittikul Ph.D. student, Department Agricultural and Resource Economics, Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University, Thailand *
Nitiphong Songsrirote Ph.D. student, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University, Thailand *
Jintana Kawasaki Lecturer, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, Thailand *
Gawborisut Somsamorn Lecturer, Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, Thailand *
Place a check [ * ] in the Remark Column for those who participated using JSPS's seminar funding.

8.Please describe the achievements of the seminar.

Accomplishments on the Academic Viewpoint
  The Japanese food self-sufficiency ratio is under 40%. This means that Japan faces a food crisis from the aspect of food security. In addition, the abandonment of ground cultivation, especially in intermediate and mountainous areas, has resulted in the loss of manifold functions of farmland. This causes big problems regarding environmental land preservation.
  On the other hand, Asian countries such as the Asian NIEs (Hong Kong, Singapore, Korea, and Taiwan), the members of ASEAN, and China have all experienced rapid economic development. Economic growth promotes industrialization and the service industry, but also brings about decline in the food self-sufficiency ratio.
  The economic development during the Japanese postwar period similarly promoted industrialization and service industry. It changed Japanese life-styles and food customs, and brought about derogation of its food self-sufficiency ratio as the result. Now, other Asian countries experiencing rapid economic development are at risk of developing similar conditions. They need new development strategies so that they do not make the same mistakes as Japan regarding food security and environmental safeguards.
  The seminar participants took notes every day from four lecturers who were invited from Asian countries. From the lectures, they learned a lot about Asian countries' food and agricultural problems, and future prospects. They were aware of the present food and agriculture situations of their own and other Asian countries, and clearly understood that the development strategy for sustainable food systems requires information exchanges and cooperation between Asian countries. In addition, at the end of each day, they had meetings to exchange their opinions about the lectures and share their knowledge.
  This generation of researchers, who will contribute to the construction of development strategies in Asia, must study the present situation of Japanese supply and demand. They must understand the negative effect of degradation of Japan's self-sufficiency ratio, and use this understanding in shaping more desirable food policies and development strategies in Asian countries. The study also contributes to literature about Japanese food subsistence security, and is not limited to the fields of development economics, agricultural economics, and food policies.

International A.C. and result from the viewpoint of young researcher upbringing
  We want young researchers who will exert influence on the development strategies of Asian nations to understand the Japanese food and agriculture policy, so that they may put that knowledge to use in shaping their countries' economy and agricultural strategies. One of the objects of this seminar is to understand the negative effect of the food self-sufficiency ratio decline. Such effects lead to the increased need to emphasize the safety side of food self-sufficiency, maintain environmental safeguards, and preserve farm village communities.
  In the latter half of the seminar, the participants went on a 3-day tour to visit a farmhouse in YOKOHAMA-city and MICHINOEKI in YAMANASHI-KEN to observe the present situation of Japanese agriculture. This tour had the positive effect of deepening the friendship between participants. They organized networks and promised to cooperate with each other in future investigations.
  Each participant has a responsibility to build his or her country's development strategy with a sense of impending yet preventable crisis. We hope that the participants make use of the knowledge gained from this seminar, and that these talented people will contribute positively to the development strategies of Asian countries.


•Result of the Questionnaire for the Seminar Participants [PDF]