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Brief History 

1932 JSPS established as a non-profit foundation through an endowment granted by Emperor Showa
1933 First University-Industry Cooperative Research Committee organized
1950 First issue of Gakujutsu Geppo (Japanese Scientific Monthly) published
1959 JSPS fellowship program for young Japanese scientists (Shorei Kenkyuin) inaugurated
1960 JSPS program for inviting foreign researchers to Japan commenced
1963 The US-Japan Cooperative Science Program established
1965 JSPS Research Station, Nairobi opened 
1967 JSPS reestablished as a quasi-governmental organization under the "Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Act"
1976 Cooperative programs with Southeast Asian countries commenced
1985 JSPS fellowship program for young Japanese scientists (Tokubetsu Kenkyuin), 
International Prize for Biology inaugurated
1988 JSPS program of granting postdoctoral fellowships to foreign researchers inaugurated
1990 JSPS Washington Liaison Office opened
1992 International Cooperative Program for Advanced Research inaugurated
1994 Inter-Research Centers Cooperative Program inaugurated
1995 JSPS Fellows Plaza opened
1996 Research for the Future Program inaugurated
1998 Japan-Australia Research Cooperative Program inaugurated
1999 Award of Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research,
Fureai Science Program inaugurated
2000 JSPS Award for Eminent Scientists inaugurated
2001 JSPS Liaison Office, Stockholm opened
2002 21st Century COE Program inaugurated
2003 Research Center for Science system established.
JSPS reestablished as an independent administrative institution.